AKTU B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus for EN (Electrical and Electronics Engineering). There are six subjects in semester 3 and six subjects in semester 4 means there are twelve subjects in 2nd year for Electrical and Electronics Engineering. In this page you will find all the information about the your syllabus in detail.
Semester 3
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY
UNIT I
Coordinate Systems and Transformation: Basics of Vectors: Frame of reference, Inertial & non-inertial frames,Galilean transformations, Michelson- Morley experiment, Postulates of special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, Length contraction, Time dilation, Velocity addition theorem, Variation of mass with velocity, Einstein‟s mass energy relation, Relativistic relation between energy and momentum, Massless particle.
Unit II
Electrostatic fields: Coulombs law and field intensity, Electric field due to charge distribution, Electric flux density, Gausses’ Law- Maxwell’s equation, Electric dipole and flux line, Energy density in electrostatic fields, Electric field in material space: Properties of materials, convection and conduction currents, conductors, polarization in dielectrics, Dielectric-constants, Continuity equation and relaxation time, boundary conditions, Electrostatic boundary value problems: Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations., Methods of Images.
Unit III
Magneto statics : Magneto-static fields, Biot – Savart’s Law, Ampere’s circuit law, Maxwell’s equation, Application of ampere’s law, Magnetic flux density- Maxwell’s equation, Maxwell’s equation for static fields, magnetic scalar and vector potential.
Unit IV
Magnetic forces: Materials and devices, Forces due to magnetic field, Magnetic torque and moment, a magnetic dipole. Magnetization in materials, Magnetic boundary conditions, Inductors and inductances, Magnetic energy.
Unit V
Waves and Applications: Maxwell’s equation, Faraday’s Law, transformer and motional electromotive forces, Displacement current, Maxwell’s equation in final form Electromagnetic wave propagation: Wave propagation in loss dielectrics, Plane waves in lossless dielectrics Plane wave in free space. Plain waves in good conductors, Power and the pointing vector, Reflection of
a plain wave in a normal incidence. Transmission Lines and Smith Chart.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION
UNIT I
Electrical Measurements: Measurement system, Characteristics of instruments, Methods of measurement, Errors in Measurement & Measurement standards, Review of indicating and integrating instruments: Voltmeter, Ammeter and Wattmeter.
Unit II
Measurement of Resistance, Inductance and Capacitance: Measurement of low, medium and high resistances, insulation resistance measurement, AC bridges for inductance and capacitance measurement.
Unit III
Instrument Transformers: Current and Potential transformer, ratio and phase angle errors, design considerations and testing.
Unit IV
Electronic Measurements: Electronic instruments: Voltmeter, Multimeter, Wattmeter & energy meter. Time, Frequency and phase angle measurements using CRO; Storage oscilloscope, Spectrum & Wave analyzer, Digital counter, frequency meter, and Digital Voltmeter.
Unit V
Instrumentation: Transducers& sensors,classification & selection of sensors, Measurement of force using strain gauges, Measurement of pressure using piezoelectric sensor, Measurement of temperature using Thermistors and Thermocouples, Measurement of displacement using LVDT, Measurement of position using Hall effect sensors.Concept of signal conditioning and data acquisition systems, Concept of smart sensors and virtual instrumentation.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
BASIC SIGNAL & SYSTEMS
UNIT I
Introduction to Continuous Time Signals and Systems: Introduction to continuous time and discrete time signals, Classification of signals with their mathematical representation and characteristics. Transformation of independent variable, Introduction to various type of system, basic system properties. Analogous System: Linear& Rotational mechanical elements, force-voltage and force-current analogy,
modeling of mechanical and electro-mechanical systems: Analysis of first and second order linear systems by classical method.
Unit II
Fourier Transform Analysis: Exponential form and Compact trigonometric form of Fourier series, Fourier symmetry, Fourier transform: Properties, application to network analysis. Definition of DTFS, and DTFT, Sampling Theorem.
Unit III
Laplace Transform Analysis: Review of Laplace Transform, Properties of Laplace Transform, Initial & Final value Theorems, Inverse Laplace Transform, Convolution Theorem, Impulse response, Application of Laplace Transform to analysis of networks, waveform synthesis and Laplace Transform to complex waveforms.
Unit IV
State – Variable analysis: Introduction, State Space representation of linear systems, Transfer function and state Variables, State Transition Matrix, Solution of state equations for homogeneous and non-homogeneous systems, Applications of State – Variable technique to the analysis of linear systems..
Unit V
Z – Transform Analysis: Concept of Z – Transform& ROC, Z – Transform of common functions, Inverse Z – Transform, Initial & Final value Theorems, Applications to solution of difference equations, Properties of Z-transform.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
Technical Communication
UNIT I
Fundamentals of Technical Communication: Technical Communication: Features; Distinction between General and Technical Communication; Language as a tool of Communication; Dimensions of Communication: Reading & comprehension; Technical writing: sentences; Paragraph; Technical style: Definition, types & Methods; The flow of Communication: Downward; upward, Lateral or Horizontal; Barriers to Communication.
Unit II
Forms of Technical Communication: Technical Report: Definition & importance; Thesis/Project writing: structure & importance; synopsis writing: Methods; Technical research Paper writing: Methods & style; Seminar & Conference paper writing; Expert Technical Lecture: Theme clarity; Analysis & Findings; 7 Cs of effective business writing: concreteness, completeness, clarity, conciseness, courtesy, correctness, consideration, C.V./Resume writing; Technical Proposal: Types, Structure & Draft.
Unit III
Technical Presentation: Strategies & Techniques Presentation: Forms; interpersonal Communication; Class room presentation; style; method; Individual conferencing: essentials: Public Speaking: method; Techniques: Clarity of substance; emotion; Humour; Modes of Presentation; Overcoming Stage Fear; Audience Analysis & retention of audience interest; Methods of Presentation: Interpersonal; Impersonal; Audience Participation: Quizzes & Interjections.
Unit IV
Technical Communication Skills: Interview skills; Group Discussion: Objective & Method; Seminar/Conferences Presentation skills: Focus; Content; Style; Argumentation skills: Devices: Analysis; Cohesion & Emphasis; Critical thinking; Nuances: Exposition narration & Description; effective business communication competence: Grammatical; Discourse competence: combination of expression & conclusion; Socio-linguistic competence: Strategic competence: Solution of communication problems with verbal and non verbal means.
Unit V
Dimensions of Oral Communication & Voice Dynamics: Code and Content; Stimulus & Response; Encoding process; Decoding process; Pronunciation Etiquette; Syllables; Vowel sounds; Consonant sounds; Tone: Rising tone; Falling Tone; Flow in Speaking; Speaking with a purpose; Speech & personality; Professional Personality Attributes: Empathy; Considerateness; Leadership; Competence.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
Mathematics –IV
UNIT I
Partial Differential Equations : Origin of Partial Differential Equations, Linear and Non Linear Partial Equations of first order,
Lagrange’s Equations, Charpit’s method, Cauchy’s method of Characteristics, Solution of Linear Partial Differential Equation of Higher order with constant coefficients, Equations reducible to linear partial differential equations with constant coefficients.
Unit II
Applications of Partial Differential Equations: Classification of linear partial differential equation of second order, Method of separation of variables, Solution of wave and heat conduction equation up to two dimension, Laplace equation in two dimensions, Equations of Transmission lines.
Unit III
Statistical Techniques I: Introduction: Measures of central tendency, Moments, Moment generating function (MGF) ,
Skewness, Kurtosis, Curve Fitting , Method of least squares, Fitting of straight lines, Fitting of second degree parabola, Exponential curves ,Correlation and Rank correlation, Regression Analysis: Regression lines of y on x and x on y, regression coefficients, properties of regressions coefficients and non linear regression.
Unit IV
Statistical Techniques II: Probability and Distribution: Introduction, Addition and multiplication law of probability, Conditional probability, Baye’s theorem, Random variables (Discrete and Continuous Random variable) Probability mass function and Probability density function, Expectation and variance, Discrete and Continuous Probability distribution: Binomial, Poission and Normal distributions.
Unit V
Statistical Techniques III:
Sampling, Testing of Hypothesis and Statistical Quality Control: Introduction , Sampling Theory (Small and Large) , Hypothesis, Null hypothesis, Alternative hypothesis, Testing a Hypothesis, Level of significance, Confidence limits, Test of significance of difference of means, T-test, F-test and Chi-square test, One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).Statistical Quality Control (SQC) , Control Charts , Control Charts for variables ( X and R Charts), Control Charts for Variables ( p, np and C charts).
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
PYTHON PROGRAMMING
UNIT I
Introduction: The Programming Cycle for Python , Python IDE, Interacting with Python Programs , Elements of Python, Type Conversion.
Basics: Expressions, Assignment Statement, Arithmetic Operators, Operator Precedence, Boolean Expression.
Unit II
Conditionals: Conditional statement in Python (if-else statement, its working and execution), Nested-if statement and Elif statement in Python, Expression Evaluation & Float Representation.
Loops: Purpose and working of loops , While loop including its working, For Loop , Nested Loops , Break and Continue.
Unit III
Function: Parts of A Function , Execution of A Function , Keyword and Default Arguments ,Scope Rules.
Strings : Length of the string and perform Concatenation and Repeat operations in it. Indexing and
Slicing of Strings.
Python Data Structure : Tuples , Unpacking Sequences , Lists , Mutable Sequences , List
Comprehension , Sets , Dictionaries
Higher Order Functions: Treat functions as first class Objects , Lambda Expressions
Unit IV
Sieve of Eratosthenes: generate prime numbers with the help of an algorithm given by the Greek Mathematician named Eratosthenes, whose algorithm is known as Sieve of Eratosthenes.
File I/O : File input and output operations in Python Programming
Exceptions and Assertions
Modules : Introduction , Importing Modules ,
Abstract Data Types : Abstract data types and ADT interface in Python Programming.
Classes : Class definition and other operations in the classes , Special Methods ( such as _init_, _str_, comparison methods and Arithmetic methods etc.) , Class Example , Inheritance , Inheritance and OOP.
Unit V
Iterators & Recursion: Recursive Fibonacci , Tower Of Hanoi
Search : Simple Search and Estimating Search Time , Binary Search and Estimating Binary Search
Time
Sorting & Merging: Selection Sort , Merge List , Merge Sort , Higher Order Sort
Semester 4
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
UNIT I
Digital System And Binary Numbers: Number System and its arithmetic, Signed binary numbers, Binary codes, Cyclic codes, Hamming Code, the map method up to five variable, Don’t care conditions, POS simplification, NAND and NOR implementation, Quine McClusky method (Tabular method).
Unit II
Combinational Logic: Combinational Circuits: Analysis Procedure, Design procedure, Binary addersubtractor, Decimal adder, Binary multiplier, Magnitude comparator, Multiplexers, Demultiplexers, Decoders, Encoders.
Unit III
Sequential Logic And Its Applications: Storage elements: latches & flip flops, Characteristic Equations of Flip Flops, Flip Flop Conversion, Shift Registers, Ripple Counters, Synchronous Counters, Other Counters: Johnson & Ring Counter.
Unit IV
Synchronous & Asynchronous Sequential Circuits: Analysis of clocked sequential circuits with state machine designing, State reduction and assignments, Design procedure. Analysis procedure of Asynchronous sequential circuits, circuit with latches, Design procedure, Reduction of state and flow table, Race-free state assignment, Hazards.
Unit V
Memory & Programmable Logic Devices: Digital Logic Families: DTL, DCTL, TTL, ECL & CMOS etc., Fan Out, Fan in, Noise Margin; RAM, ROM, PLA, PAL; Circuits of Logic Families, Interfacing of Digital Logic Families, Circuit Implementation using ROM, PLA and PAL; CPLD and FPGA.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
ELECTRICAL MACHINES – I
UNIT I
Principles of Electro-mechanical Energy Conversion: Introduction, Review of magnetic system, Energy in Magnetic system, Force and torque in magnetic field system, Energy balance equation, Energy conversion via electrical field, Energy in a singly excited system, Determination of the Force and Torque from energy and co-energy, Generation of EMF in Machines, Torque in machine with cylindrical air gap.
Unit II
DC Machines: Armature winding (Concentrated and Distributed), Winding Factor, Armature reaction, Commutation, Interpoles and compensating windings, Performance characteristics of DC generators, Applications.
Unit III
DC Machines (Contd.): Performance characteristics of DC motors, Starting of DC motors; 3 point and 4 point starters, Speed control of DC motors; Field control, Armature control and Voltage control (Ward Leonard method); Efficiency and Testing of DC machines (Hopkinson’s and Swinburne’s Test), Applications, Introduction to Brushless DC Motor, stepper motor and DC Servo motor and their applications.
Unit IV
Single Phase Transformer: Efficiency and voltage regulation, all day efficiency, Excitation phenomenon and harmonics in transformers.
Testing of Transformers- O.C. and S.C. tests, Polarity test, Sumpner’s test.
Auto Transformer- Single phase and three phase autotransformers, Volt-amp relation, Copper saving in autotransformer Efficiency, Merits & demerits and applications.
Unit V
Three Phase Transformers: Construction, Three phase transformer, phasor groups and their connections, open delta connection, three phase to 2 phase and their applications, Three winding transformers. Parallel operation of single phase and three phase transformers and load sharing.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
NETWORK ANALYSIS & SYNTHESIS
UNIT I
Graph Theory: Importance of Graph Theory in Network Analysis, Graph of a network, Definitions, planar &Non-Planar Graphs, Isomorphism, Tree, Co Tree, Link, basic loop and basic cutset, Incidence matrix, Cut set matrix, Tie set matrix, Duality, Loop and Nodal methods of analysis.
Unit II
AC Network Theorems (Applications to dependent & independent sources): Superposition theorem, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem, Reciprocity theorem. Millman’s theorem, Compensation theorem, Tellegen’s Theorem.
Unit III
Transient Circuit Analysis: Natural response and forced response, Transient response andsteady state response for arbitrary
inputs (DC and AC), Evaluation of time response both through classical and Laplace methods.
Unit IV
Network Functions: Concept of complex frequency, Transform impedances network functions of one port and two port networks, Concept of poles and zeros, Properties of driving point and transfer functions. Two Port Networks- Characterization of LTI two port networks; Z, Y,ABCD, A’B’C’D’, g and h parameters, Reciprocity and symmetry, Inter-relationships between the parameters, Interconnections of two port networks, Ladder and Lattice networks: T & Π representation, terminated two Port networks, Image Impedance.
Unit V
(a) Network Synthesis:
Positive real function; definition and properties, Properties of LC, RC and RL driving point functions, Synthesis of LC, RC and RL driving point immittance functions using Foster and Cauer first and second forms.
(b) Filters
Image parameters and characteristics impedance, Passive and active filter fundamentals, Low
pass filters, High pass (constant K type) filters, Introduction to active filters.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
Electronics Engineering
UNIT I
PN junction diode: Introduction of semiconductor materials; Semiconductor diode: Depletion layer, V-I characteristics, ideal and practical, diode resistance, capacitance, diode equivalent circuits, transition and diffusion capacitance, Zener diodes breakdown mechanism (Zener and avalanche).
Unit II
Diode application: Series, parallel and series, parallel diode configuration, half and full wave rectification, clippers, clampers, Zener diode as shunt regulator, voltage-multiplier circuits special purpose two terminal devices : light-emitting diodes, Varactor (Varicap) diodes, tunnel diodes, liquidcrystal displays.
Unit III
Bipolar junction transistors and field effect transistor: Bipolar junction transistor: Transistor construction, operation, amplification action, common base, common emitter, common collector configuration dc biasing BJTs: operating point, fixed-bias, emitter bias, voltage-divider bias configuration. Collector feedback, emitter-follower configuration. Bias stabilization. CE, CB, CC amplifiers and AC analysis of single stage CE amplifier (re Model), Field effect transistor: Construction and characteristic of JFETs. AC analysis of CS amplifier, MOSFET (depletion and enhancement) type, transfer characteristic.
Unit IV
Operational amplifiers: Introduction and block diagram of Op-Amp, ideal & practical characteristics of Op-Amp, differential amplifier circuits, practical Op-Amp circuits (inverting amplifier, non-inverting amplifier, unity gain amplifier, summing amplifier, integrator, differentiator), OpAmp parameters: input offset voltage, output offset voltage, input biased current, input offset current differential and common-mode operation.
Unit V
Electronic instrumentation and measurements: Digital voltmeter: Introduction, RAMP techniques digital multimeters: Introduction Oscilloscope: introduction, basic principle, CRT, block diagram of oscilloscope, simple, measurement of voltage, current phase and frequency using CRO, introduction of digital storage oscilloscope and comparison of DSO with analog oscilloscope.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
COMPUTER SYSTEM SECURITY
UNIT I
Computer System Security Introduction: Introduction, What is computer security and what to l earn? , Sample Attacks, The Marketplace for vulnerabilities, Error 404 Hacking digital India part 1 chase.
Hijacking & Defense: Control Hijacking ,More Control Hijacking attacks integer overflow ,More Control Hijacking attacks format string vulnerabilities, Defense against Control Hijacking – Platform Defenses, Defense against Control Hijacking – Run-time Defenses, Advanced Control Hijacking attacks.
Unit II
Confidentiality Policies: Confinement Principle ,Detour Unix user IDs process IDs and privileges, More on confinement techniques ,System call interposition ,Error 404 digital Hacking in India part 2 chase , VM based isolation ,Confinement principle ,Software fault isolation , Rootkits, Intrusion Detection Systems
Unit III
Secure architecture principles isolation and leas: Access Control Concepts , Unix and windows access control summary ,Other issues in access control ,Introduction to browser isolation .
Web security landscape : Web security definitions goals and threat models , HTTP content rendering .Browser isolation .Security interface , Cookies frames and frame busting, Major webserver threats ,Cross site request forgery ,Cross site scripting ,Defenses and protections against XSS, Finding vulnerabilities ,Secure development.
Unit IV
Basic cryptography: Public key cryptography ,RSA public key crypto ,Digital signature Hash functions ,Public key distribution ,Real world protocols ,Basic terminologies ,Email security certificates ,Transport Layer security TLS ,IP security , DNS security.
Unit V
Internet Infrastructure: Basic security problems , Routing security ,DNS revisited ,Summary of weaknesses of internet security, .Link layer connectivity and TCP IP connectivity , Packet filtering firewall ,Intrusion detection.
B.Tech 2nd Year Syllabus
Universal Human Values and Professional Ethics
UNIT I
Course Introduction – Need, Basic Guidelines, Content and Process for Value Education Understanding the need, basic guidelines, content and process for Value Education, Self-Exploration–what is it? – its content and process; ‘Natural Acceptance’ and Experiential Validation- as the mechanism for self exploration, Continuous Happiness and Prosperity- A look at basic Human Aspirations, Right understanding, Relationship and Physical Facilities- the basic requirements for fulfillment of aspirations of every human being with their correct priority, Understanding Happiness and Prosperity correctly- A critical appraisal of the current scenario, Method to fulfill the above human aspirations: understanding and living in harmony at various levels.
Unit II
Understanding Harmony in the Human Being – Harmony in Myself Understanding human being as a co-existence of the sentient ‘I’ and the material ‘Body’, Understanding the needs of Self (‘I’) and ‘Body’ – Sukh and Suvidha, Understanding the Body as an instrument of ‘I’ (I being the doer, seer and enjoyer), Understanding the characteristics and activities of ‘I’ and harmony in ‘I’, Understanding the harmony of I with the Body: Sanyam and Swasthya; correct appraisal of Physical needs, meaning of Prosperity in detail, Programs to ensure Sanyam and Swasthya.
Unit III
Understanding Harmony in the Family and Society- Harmony in Human-Human Relationship Understanding harmony in the Family- the basic unit of human interaction , Understanding values in human-human relationship; meaning of Nyaya and
program for its fulfillment to ensure Ubhay-tripti; Trust (Vishwas) and Respect (Samman) as the foundational values of relationship, Understanding the meaning of Vishwas; Difference between intention and competence, Understanding the meaning of Samman, Difference between respect and differentiation; the other salient values in relationship, Understanding the harmony in the society (society being an extension of family): Samadhan, Samridhi, Abhay, Sah-astitva as comprehensive Human Goals, Visualizing a universal harmonious order in societyUndivided Society (AkhandSamaj), Universal Order (SarvabhaumVyawastha )- from family to world family!.
Unit IV
Understanding Harmony in the Nature and Existence – Whole existence as Co-existence Understanding the harmony in the Nature, Interconnectedness and mutual fulfillment among the four orders of nature- recyclability and self-regulation in nature, Understanding Existence as Co-existence (Sah-astitva) of mutually interacting units in all-pervasive space, Holistic perception of harmony at all levels of existence.
Unit V
Implications of the above Holistic Understanding of Harmony on Professional Ethics: Natural acceptance of human values, Definitiveness of Ethical Human Conduct, Basis for Humanistic Education, Humanistic Constitution and Humanistic
Universal Order, Competence in Professional Ethics: a) Ability to utilize the professional competence for augmenting universal human order, b) Ability to identify the scope and characteristics of people-friendly and eco-friendly production systems, technologies and management models, Case studies of typical holistic technologies, management models and production systems, Strategy for transition from the present state to Universal Human Order: a) At the level of individual: as socially and ecologically responsible engineers, technologists and managers, b) At the level of society: as mutually enriching institutions and
organizations.
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EN 2nd Year Syllabus |
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Mathematics IV |
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Electronics Engineering |
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Human Values Syllabus |
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Technical Communication Syllabus |
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CSS/Python Syllabus |
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